Saturday, January 3, 2009

Heinkel He-111

Manufacturer Heinkel
Type Medium bomber
Crew 5 (pilot, navigator/bombardier/nose gunner, ventral gunner, dorsal gunner/radio operator, side gunner)
Powerplant Two 1,350 hp (1007 kW) Junkers Jumo 211F inverted V-12 piston engines
Performance Maximum speed 436 km/h (271 mph) at 6000 m (19,685 ft)
Climb to 6000 m (19,685 ft) in 42 minutes
Service ceiling 6700 m (21,980 ft)
Range 1950 km (1,212 miles)
Weights Empty 8680 kg (19,136 lb)
Maximum take-off 14000 kg (30,865 lb)
Dimensions Wingspan 22.60 m (74ft 1.8 in)
Length 16.40 m (53ft 9.7 in)
Height 3.40 m (11 ft 1.9 in)
Wing area 86.50 m² (931.07 sq ft)
Armament One 20 mm MG FF cannon in nose
One 13 mm (0.51 in) MG 131 gun in dorsal position
Two 7.92 mm (0.31 in) MG 15 guns in rear of ventral gondola
Two 7.92 mm (0.31 in) MG 81 guns in each of two beam positions
Bomb load of 2000 kg (4,409 lb) internally and 2000 kg (4,409 lb) externally
Development Production – 1934 He-111
Operation – 24 February 1935, He-111Ps – 1939, He-111H - 1940
Variants He-111, He-111B1, He-111F, He-111P, He-111Ps (DB 601Aa engines), He-111H (Junkers Jumo 211 engines)

  • Design by Siegfried and Walter Günther for a dual-purpose commercial transport/bomber.
  • Early versions featured a conventional stepped windscreen and elliptical wing leading edge.
  • The first production version with straight wing leading edge was the He-111F, and the He-111P incorporated a fullyglazed asymmetric nose without external windscreen step.
  • He-111s took part in numerous raids in the Battle of Britain and were flown by the pathfinder unit, KGr 100.
  • The first version to carry torpedoes was the He-111H6, followed by the He-111H15.
  • He-111H8 was fitted with a large and cumbersome balloon cable fender.
  • He-111H11/R2 was a glider tug for the Go 242 while Pathfinder versions with special radio were the He-111H14 and He-111H18.
  • He-111H16 featured increased gun armament, and the He-111H20 included 16-paratroop transport, night bomber and glider tug sub-variants.
  • He-111H22 carried a single Fi 103 flying bomb and was used against the UK late in 1944.
  • He-111Z (Zwilling, or Twin) consisted of two He-111Hs joined together with a new wing and fifth engine, used mainly to tow the huge Me 321 Gigant gliders.
  • Approximately 7300 units were built.

Written by : Ridhuan Date : 09:06 Category :